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Buildings in the Tenants Interim Lease Program are gut rehabilitated by HPD then they will be converted to HDFC Cooperatives and sold to the tenants for $250 per apartment. HDFCs can obtain full or partial exemption from real estate taxes for up to 40 years.
HDFC cooperatives originating from HPD Division of Alternative Management Programs (DAMP) have certain restrictions and depending of when the conversion took place they are slightly different.
The most common restriction is income: Conversions prior to 1995 require income of new shareholders not to exceed 6 or 7 times the annual maintenance plus utilities. If the incoming household has less than 3 dependents you multiply the annual maintenance plus utilities times 6. If the family has 3 or more dependents then by 7.
There are a number of HDFC cooperatives converted from 1986 to 1995 that have a further restriction requiring the payment to the City of 40% of any profit on the resale of the shares. These are called 60/40 buildings.
HDFC co-ops are intended to be the primary, permanent homes for the self-supporting working low- to moderate-income households. They are not intended to be investment property, for market speculation or for non occupant parents purchasing them for their adult children.
Low income is considered below 100% of the NY area median income and moderate income is above the median. Moderate incomes range from 120 percent to 165 percent of the area’s median income.
A project in the South Bronx, for example, might be restricted to people with incomes up to 80 percent of the median, which means $68,000 for a family of four. But in Harlem, Morningside Heights, Clinton/Hell's Kitchen or the East Village the limit might be as high as 165 percent of the NY median, or $141,735 because incomes are higher in those neighborhoods.
Generally all HDFCs usually require a "Transfer Fee" commonly called a "Flip Tax" often up to 30% of seller's profit but can vary. It is necessary to review the Proprietary Leases and Offering Plans to ascertain exactly what the restrictions for any one particular HDFC cooperative as there are many variations.
HDFC coop boards are not that different from any other coop board. All coops including HDFC are set up as private housing corporations. The coop board is entitled to approve or deny any purchase for any reason other than discrimination. The only difference is HDFC coops have maximum income restrictions. The must remain "affordable" based on New York metropolitan area statistical median income standards released annually through HPD as determined by each HDFC.
Some coops will need to be approved by a lender because they haven't had a recent sale. There is an approval process. If the coop cooperates with the lender and answers the lender's questionnaire and meets lender's and Fannie Mae guidelines they will most likely be approved.
There are a lot of myths about HDFC coops, many are perpetuated by brokers that lack experience and knowledge of HDFC coops. They don't understand the spirit and intent of "affordable housing" despite taking a listing. There are a lot of brokers in Manhattan but few with successful experience selling HDFC coops.
There are many good HDFC coops. For qualified low- moderate income buyers they can offer an opportunity for affordable home ownership but like everything else in NYC there are always some bad apples.
Caveat Emptor. Let the buyer beware. Buyers and or their (HDFC experienced) attorney should do their "due diligence" They should request financial reports as well as copies of the minutes of the Annual Shareholders Meeting, proof of insurance and Fidelity Bond, as well as payments of Property Taxes and Water & Sewer charges.